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車牌識別硬識別和軟識別的區別與對比

來源: 百度百科 時間:2016年12月23日
  隨著行業的發展,市場各式各樣的需求,市場對車牌識別系統(車牌識別系統)的需求越來越廣泛,主要分為:軟件識別和硬件識別。通過車牌號碼的自動識別、自動登陸、自動對比,系統可以實現自動開閘、自動計費、自動驗證用戶車輛身份、自動區分內外部車輛、自動計算車位數、自動報警等諸多智能化功能。

  軟件識別:顯而易見詞義能理解出來是通過軟件對車牌號碼進行的,通過在電腦上安裝一個配套的車牌識別軟件,對抓拍的圖片進行識別處理。其工作方式是通過攝像機連續抓拍多張照片,選擇其中較為清晰的一張,然后通過電腦軟件進行字符處理,實現號牌識別的。因為每次識別需要抓拍多張圖片,因此軟識別的速度較慢。而且該系統對所抓拍的圖片要求也是極高的,必須極為清晰才能達到想要的效果。該系統對現場環境以及調試質量要求極高,在諸多環境不樂觀的場合都不適用,設備的擺放頗為重要。

  硬件識別:通俗的解釋是通過獨立的硬件設備,對所抓拍圖片進行一系列的字符處理;目前停車場系統行業中硬件識別也分為兩種,即帶有單獨的車牌識別儀和前端硬件識別兩種,安視睿主要采用的是前端硬件識別。

  前端硬件識別一體式攝像機適應市場需求,目前得到了廣大客戶的喜愛。安視睿前端硬件識別也叫一體式車牌識別攝像機,是將傳統單獨的車牌識別儀嵌入至攝像機中,實現前端硬件與攝像機一體化,完美實現圖像抓拍、視頻流傳輸、字符識別、道閘抬桿等一系列的工作。

  軟識別與硬識別的優勢對比:

  1、分析識別模式

  硬識別系統:采用視頻流分析識別,對監控范圍內的視頻流進行全天候實時分析;

  軟識別系統:圖片分析識別,對到達指定范圍內的車輛進行拍照,再對照片進行分析;當車輛位置不佳時,識別易出錯。

  2、觸發識別方式

  硬識別系統:地感和視頻觸發可選,不需增加檢測設備,無需破壞地面或增加工程,24小時采集圖像。

  軟識別系統:地感、紅外等外設車輛檢測設備觸發;需要一定的工程量。

  3、智能算法模型

  硬識別系統:采用智能模糊點陣識別算法,準確率更高,識別率大于99.70%。很少需要人工干預。

  軟識別系統:OCR/字型拓撲結構識別算法,會頻繁出現誤識別情況,準確率低于90%。需要人工不斷輸入糾正后的號牌。

  4、可靠性及穩定性

  硬識別系統:專用識別器采用TI 公司的高速DSP,雙CPU控制,確保系統可靠性和穩定性。

  軟識別系統:軟件識別,容易頻繁出現死機等情況,需經常重新啟動電腦,造成間斷性系統癱瘓。

  5、識別速度

  硬識別系統:整車車牌識別速度小于0.4秒,充分滿足車流量大時的需要;

  軟識別系統:整車車牌識別速度大于3秒,甚至更長,速度讓人難以忍受。

  6、車速適應性

  硬識別系統:車速在0-120Km/H范圍內均能穩定快速識別;應用范圍廣泛,高速公里使用該類設備。

  軟識別系統:車速大于40Km/H時,識別率急劇下降,現被引入停車場場系統中,有待進一步完善。

  7、環境適應性

  硬識別系統:能在夜晚、陰天、雨天等各種光照條件下正常工作;

  軟識別系統:上述條件下,甚至一天的不同時間內,識別準確率起伏很大。

  8、兼容能力

  硬識別系統:無需工業IO卡的支持,借道停車場控制系統(PLC)可直接與各類IC、ID、紙票等類型停車場無縫兼容,實現車牌號與卡號必須一致才能進出的自動識別、自動打印車牌號等功能。

  軟識別系統:依賴IO卡進行車輛檢測、開關道閘等動作,與停車場系統只是軟件嵌入關系,硬件無聯系。工程量大,用線多,穩定度差。

  9、攝像機共用性

  硬識別系統:系統可與監控系統共用攝像機,對系統無任何影響。

  軟識別系統:不可共用,否則對系統穩定性和識別率造成嚴重影響。

  10、輸出信號

  硬識別系統:系統可輸出車輛大圖、號牌小圖、號牌識別號碼、號牌顏色和識別可信度、車流量、場內停車量等實時數據。具備車輛進出靜態圖片查詢功能、可接駁車位引導系統等。

  軟識別系統:沒有輸出接口,基本為其系統自身使用,無法進行二次開發。

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